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win7下得到操作系统版本错误( GetVersionEx)

有一段得到操作系统版本的代码,用的是 GetVersionEx 方法,在当前机器的硬盘上运行,得到的操作系统版本是win7。奇怪的是,在U盘上运行,得到的操作系统版本是XP。

直接说原因:
  不知道什么时候,系统在注册表中设置了U盘exe的XP兼容项(在兼容性助手弹出时,选择重新启动或者重新安装时,系统会在HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\WindowsNT\CurrentVersion\AppCompatFlags\Layers下记录该程序的路径。同时写上特定的字符串值,比如WINXPSP2、VISTASETUP RUNASADMIN)。之后在该程序的运行之前,系统会读取该记录值以决定是否要弹兼容性助手。

解决办法:
  手动修改或者删除此注册表项。

偶认为它不应该影响到API的正确执行才对,事实证明它的确影响到了GetVersionEx 的执行结果了。
http://hi.baidu.com/anowsober/blog/item/0c2c428b470073d8fc1f1065.html


以上内容为转载。
我遇到的情况是,我在win7 64位上编译出来的32位程序调用了GetVersionEx,程序在f:\bin目录下执行返回的操作系统是5.1(xp sp3),放到别的盘,或者还在f盘别的目录执行可以得到正确的操作系统版本6.1(win7)。根据上边的解释,删除了注册表,正常了。


 

以上转自:http://hi.baidu.com/445920201/item/8de62930e9f01e21b2c0c50a

我遇到的情况和上面相同,在win7系统中D盘的某一目录通过GetVersionEx获取的系统版本是VISTA,其他任何磁盘和文件获取的系统版本都是正确的,搜索注册表后,删除注册表中的选项后,再次获取就正确了。

通过GetVersionEx获取系统版本,MSDN中解释:                                                                     

GetVersionEx Function

Retrieves information about the current operating system.

1 BOOL WINAPI GetVersionEx(
2   __in_out      LPOSVERSIONINFO lpVersionInfo
3 );
Parameters
lpVersionInfo

An OSVERSIONINFO or OSVERSIONINFOEX structure that receives the operating system information.

Before calling the GetVersionEx function, set the dwOSVersionInfoSize member of this structure as appropriate.

Return Value

If the function succeeds, the return value is a nonzero value.

If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError. The function fails if you specify an invalid value for the dwOSVersionInfoSize member of the OSVERSIONINFO or OSVERSIONINFOEX structure.

Remarks

Identifying the current operating system is usually not the best way to determine whether a particular operating system feature is present. This is because the operating system may have had new features added in a redistributable DLL. Rather than using GetVersionEx to determine the operating system platform or version number, test for the presence of the feature itself. For more information, see Operating System Version.

The GetSystemMetrics function provides additional information about the current operating system.

Product Setting
Windows XP Media Center Edition SM_MEDIACENTER
Windows XP Starter Edition SM_STARTER
Windows XP Tablet PC Edition SM_TABLETPC
Windows Server 2003 R2 SM_SERVERR2

To check for specific operating systems or operating system features, use the IsOS function. The GetProductInfo function retrieves the product type.

To retrieve information for the operating system on a remote computer, use the NetWkstaGetInfo function, the Win32_OperatingSystem WMI class, or the OperatingSystem property of the IADsComputer interface.

To compare the current system version to a required version, use the VerifyVersionInfo function instead of using GetVersionEx to perform the comparison yourself.

Example Code [C++]

When using the GetVersionEx function to determine whether your application is running on a particular version of the operating system, check for version numbers that are greater than or equal to the desired version numbers. This ensures that the test succeeds for later versions of the operating system. For example, if your application requires Windows XP or later, use the following test.

 1 #include <windows.h>
 2 #include <stdio.h>
 3 
 4 void main()
 5 {
 6     OSVERSIONINFO osvi;
 7     BOOL bIsWindowsXPorLater;
 8 
 9     ZeroMemory(&osvi, sizeof(OSVERSIONINFO));
10     osvi.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(OSVERSIONINFO);
11 
12     GetVersionEx(&osvi);
13 
14     bIsWindowsXPorLater = 
15        ( (osvi.dwMajorVersion > 5||
16        ( (osvi.dwMajorVersion == 5&& (osvi.dwMinorVersion >= 1) ));
17 
18     if(bIsWindowsXPorLater)
19         printf("The system meets the requirements.\n");
20     else printf("The system does not meet the requirements.\n");
21 }

Example Code

For an example that identifies the current operating system, see Getting the System Version.

The following example uses the GetVersionEx, GetSystemMetrics, and GetNativeSystemInfo functions to determine the version information of the currently running operating system. The code outputs the information to the console.

Relying on version information is not the best way to test for a feature. Instead, refer to the documentation for the feature of interest. For more information on common techniques for feature detection, see Operating System Version.

If you must require a particular operating system, be sure to use it as a minimum supported version, rather than design the test for the one operating system. This way, your detection code will continue to work on future versions of Windows.

  1 #include <windows.h>
  2 #include <tchar.h>
  3 #include <stdio.h>
  4 
  5 #define BUFSIZE 80
  6 
  7 typedef void (WINAPI *PGNSI)(LPSYSTEM_INFO);
  8 
  9 int __cdecl _tmain()
 10 {
 11    OSVERSIONINFOEX osvi;
 12    SYSTEM_INFO si;
 13    PGNSI pGNSI;
 14    BOOL bOsVersionInfoEx;
 15 
 16    ZeroMemory(&si, sizeof(SYSTEM_INFO));
 17    ZeroMemory(&osvi, sizeof(OSVERSIONINFOEX));
 18 
 19    // Try calling GetVersionEx using the OSVERSIONINFOEX structure.
 20    // If that fails, try using the OSVERSIONINFO structure.
 21 
 22    osvi.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(OSVERSIONINFOEX);
 23 
 24    if!(bOsVersionInfoEx = GetVersionEx ((OSVERSIONINFO *&osvi)) )
 25    {
 26       osvi.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof (OSVERSIONINFO);
 27       if (! GetVersionEx ( (OSVERSIONINFO *&osvi) ) 
 28          return FALSE;
 29    }
 30 
 31    // Call GetNativeSystemInfo if supported
 32    // or GetSystemInfo otherwise.
 33 
 34    pGNSI = (PGNSI) GetProcAddress(
 35       GetModuleHandle(TEXT("kernel32.dll")), 
 36       "GetNativeSystemInfo");
 37    if(NULL != pGNSI)
 38       pGNSI(&si);
 39    else GetSystemInfo(&si);
 40 
 41    switch (osvi.dwPlatformId)
 42    {
 43       // Test for the Windows NT product family.
 44 
 45       case VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT:
 46 
 47       // Test for the specific product.
 48 
 49       if ( osvi.dwMajorVersion == 6 && osvi.dwMinorVersion == 0 )
 50       {
 51          if( osvi.wProductType == VER_NT_WORKSTATION )
 52              printf ("Windows Vista ");
 53          else printf ("Windows Server \"Longhorn\" " );
 54       }
 55 
 56       if ( osvi.dwMajorVersion == 5 && osvi.dwMinorVersion == 2 )
 57       {
 58          if( GetSystemMetrics(SM_SERVERR2) )
 59             printf( "Microsoft Windows Server 2003 \"R2\" ");
 60          else if( osvi.wProductType == VER_NT_WORKSTATION &&
 61             si.wProcessorArchitecture==PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_AMD64)
 62          {
 63             printf( "Microsoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition ");
 64          }
 65          else printf ("Microsoft Windows Server 2003, ");
 66       }
 67 
 68       if ( osvi.dwMajorVersion == 5 && osvi.dwMinorVersion == 1 )
 69          printf ("Microsoft Windows XP ");
 70 
 71       if ( osvi.dwMajorVersion == 5 && osvi.dwMinorVersion == 0 )
 72          printf ("Microsoft Windows 2000 ");
 73 
 74       if ( osvi.dwMajorVersion <= 4 )
 75          printf ("Microsoft Windows NT ");
 76 
 77       // Test for specific product on Windows NT 4.0 SP6 and later.
 78       if( bOsVersionInfoEx )
 79       {
 80          // Test for the workstation type.
 81          if ( osvi.wProductType == VER_NT_WORKSTATION &&
 82               si.wProcessorArchitecture!=PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_AMD64)
 83          {
 84             if( osvi.dwMajorVersion == 4 )
 85                printf ( "Workstation 4.0 " );
 86             else if( osvi.wSuiteMask & VER_SUITE_PERSONAL )
 87                printf ( "Home Edition " );
 88             else printf ( "Professional " );
 89          }
 90             
 91          // Test for the server type.
 92          else if ( osvi.wProductType == VER_NT_SERVER || 
 93                    osvi.wProductType == VER_NT_DOMAIN_CONTROLLER )
 94          {
 95             if(osvi.dwMajorVersion==5 && osvi.dwMinorVersion==2)
 96             {
 97                if ( si.wProcessorArchitecture ==
 98                     PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA64 )
 99                {
100                    if( osvi.wSuiteMask & VER_SUITE_DATACENTER )
101                       printf ( "Datacenter Edition "
102                                "for Itanium-based Systems" );
103                    else if( osvi.wSuiteMask & VER_SUITE_ENTERPRISE )
104                       printf ( "Enterprise Edition "
105                                "for Itanium-based Systems" );
106                }
107 
108                else if ( si.wProcessorArchitecture ==
109                          PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_AMD64 )
110                {
111                    if( osvi.wSuiteMask & VER_SUITE_DATACENTER )
112                       printf ( "Datacenter x64 Edition " );
113                    else if( osvi.wSuiteMask & VER_SUITE_ENTERPRISE )
114                       printf ( "Enterprise x64 Edition " );
115                    else printf( "Standard x64 Edition " );
116                }
117 
118                else
119                {
120                    if( osvi.wSuiteMask & VER_SUITE_DATACENTER )
121                       printf ( "Datacenter Edition " );
122                    else if( osvi.wSuiteMask & VER_SUITE_ENTERPRISE )
123                       printf ( "Enterprise Edition " );
124                    else if ( osvi.wSuiteMask & VER_SUITE_BLADE )
125                       printf ( "Web Edition " );
126                    else printf ( "Standard Edition " );
127                }
128             }
129             else if(osvi.dwMajorVersion==5 && osvi.dwMinorVersion==0)
130             {
131                if( osvi.wSuiteMask & VER_SUITE_DATACENTER )
132                   printf ( "Datacenter Server " );
133                else if( osvi.wSuiteMask & VER_SUITE_ENTERPRISE )
134                   printf ( "Advanced Server " );
135                else printf ( "Server " );
136             }
137             else  // Windows NT 4.0 
138             {
139                if( osvi.wSuiteMask & VER_SUITE_ENTERPRISE )
140                   printf ("Server 4.0, Enterprise Edition " );
141                else printf ( "Server 4.0 " );
142             }
143          }
144       }
145       // Test for specific product on Windows NT 4.0 SP5 and earlier
146       else  
147       {
148          HKEY hKey;
149          TCHAR szProductType[BUFSIZE];
150          DWORD dwBufLen=BUFSIZE*sizeof(TCHAR);
151          LONG lRet;
152 
153          lRet = RegOpenKeyEx( HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE,
154             TEXT("SYSTEM\\CurrentControlSet\\Control\\"
155                  "ProductOptions"), 0, KEY_QUERY_VALUE, &hKey );
156          if( lRet != ERROR_SUCCESS )
157             return FALSE;
158 
159          lRet = RegQueryValueEx( hKey, TEXT("ProductType"),
160             NULL, NULL, (LPBYTE) szProductType, &dwBufLen);
161          RegCloseKey( hKey );
162 
163          if( (lRet != ERROR_SUCCESS) ||
164              (dwBufLen > BUFSIZE*sizeof(TCHAR)) )
165             return FALSE;
166 
167          if ( lstrcmpi( TEXT("WINNT"), szProductType) == 0 )
168             printf( "Workstation " );
169          if ( lstrcmpi( TEXT("LANMANNT"), szProductType) == 0 )
170             printf( "Server " );
171          if ( lstrcmpi( TEXT("SERVERNT"), szProductType) == 0 )
172             printf( "Advanced Server " );
173          printf( "%d.%d ", osvi.dwMajorVersion, osvi.dwMinorVersion );
174       }
175 
176       // Display service pack (if any) and build number.
177 
178       if( osvi.dwMajorVersion == 4 && 
179           lstrcmpi( osvi.szCSDVersion, TEXT("Service Pack 6") ) == 0 )
180       { 
181          HKEY hKey;
182          LONG lRet;
183 
184          // Test for SP6 versus SP6a.
185          lRet = RegOpenKeyEx( HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE,
186             TEXT("SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows NT\\CurrentVersion\\"
187                  "Hotfix\\Q246009"), 0, KEY_QUERY_VALUE, &hKey );
188          if( lRet == ERROR_SUCCESS )
189             printf( "Service Pack 6a (Build %d)\n"
190             osvi.dwBuildNumber & 0xFFFF );         
191          else // Windows NT 4.0 prior to SP6a
192          {
193             _tprintf( TEXT("%s (Build %d)\n"),
194                osvi.szCSDVersion,
195                osvi.dwBuildNumber & 0xFFFF);
196          }
197 
198          RegCloseKey( hKey );
199       }
200       else // not Windows NT 4.0 
201       {
202          _tprintf( TEXT("%s (Build %d)\n"),
203             osvi.szCSDVersion,
204             osvi.dwBuildNumber & 0xFFFF);
205       }
206 
207       break;
208 
209       // Test for the Windows Me/98/95.
210       case VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_WINDOWS:
211 
212       if (osvi.dwMajorVersion == 4 && osvi.dwMinorVersion == 0)
213       {
214           printf ("Microsoft Windows 95 ");
215           if (osvi.szCSDVersion[1]=='C' || osvi.szCSDVersion[1]=='B')
216              printf("OSR2 " );
217       } 
218 
219       if (osvi.dwMajorVersion == 4 && osvi.dwMinorVersion == 10)
220       {
221           printf ("Microsoft Windows 98 ");
222           if ( osvi.szCSDVersion[1]=='A' || osvi.szCSDVersion[1]=='B')
223              printf("SE " );
224       } 
225 
226       if (osvi.dwMajorVersion == 4 && osvi.dwMinorVersion == 90)
227       {
228           printf ("Microsoft Windows Millennium Edition\n");
229       } 
230       break;
231 
232       case VER_PLATFORM_WIN32s:
233 
234       printf ("Microsoft Win32s\n");
235       break;
236    }
237    return TRUE; 
238 }



Requirements

Client

Requires Windows Vista, Windows XP, Windows 2000 Professional, Windows NT Workstation 3.5 and later, Windows Me, Windows 98, or Windows 95.

Server

Requires Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows 2000 Server, or Windows NT Server 3.5 and later.

Header

Declared in Winbase.h; include Windows.h.

Library

Use Kernel32.lib.

DLL

Requires Kernel32.dll.

Unicode

Implemented as GetVersionExW (Unicode) and GetVersionExA (ANSI).

posted on 2012-09-14 11:23 王海光 阅读(4161) 评论(0)  编辑 收藏 引用 所属分类: C++

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