该模板在哪里下载?
http://www.springer.com/computer/image+processing/journal/11263,
Instructions for Authors,Text中下载
nannan投稿IJCV,发现参考文献格式有问题,找了很久也没找到原因。后来看spbasic.bst(有三个bst文件,选哪个呢?该文件前面有说明: For Springer medical, life sciences, chemistry, geology, engineering and  computer science publications. )
解决方案: 加了工具包\usepackage[numbers]{natbib} 就没有问题了,在文件中有说明:
When citations are numbered, please use \usepackage[numbers]{natbib}.

如果只想在引用处出现年份,用 \citeyear{key} ,在文件中有如下说明:
  % The \cite command functions as follows:
 %   \citet{key} ==>>                Jones et al. (1990)
 %   \citet*{key} ==>>               Jones, Baker, and Smith (1990)
 %   \citep{key} ==>>                (Jones et al., 1990)
 %   \citep*{key} ==>>               (Jones, Baker, and Smith, 1990)
 %   \citep[chap. 2]{key} ==>>       (Jones et al., 1990, chap. 2)
 %   \citep[e.g.][]{key} ==>>        (e.g. Jones et al., 1990)
 %   \citep[e.g.][p. 32]{key} ==>>   (e.g. Jones et al., p. 32)
 %   \citeauthor{key} ==>>           Jones et al.
 %   \citeauthor*{key} ==>>          Jones, Baker, and Smith
 %   \citeyear{key} ==>>             1990