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Closure as the function parameter

(Jin Qing's Column, Mar., 2022)

It is best to let the function take a closure trait as the parameter instead of a function pointer.

      fn foo(f: fn()) {
    f()
}
fn main() {
    foo(|| println!("hello"));
    let a = 123;
    foo(move || println!("{}", a))
}

    

compiles error:

      error[E0308]: mismatched types
 --> src/main.rs:9:9
  |
9 |     foo(move || println!("{}", a))
  |         ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ expected fn pointer, found closure
  |
  = note: expected fn pointer `fn()`
                found closure `[closure@src/main.rs:9:9: 9:34]`
note: closures can only be coerced to `fn` types if they do not capture any variables
 --> src/main.rs:9:32
  |
9 |     foo(move || println!("{}", a))
  |                                ^ `a` captured here
For more information about this error, try `rustc --explain E0308`.

    

https://doc.rust-lang.org/book/ch19-05-advanced-functions-and-closures.html

Function pointers implement all three of the closure traits (Fn, FnMut, and FnOnce), so you can always pass a function pointer as an argument for a function that expects a closure. It’s best to write functions using a generic type and one of the closure traits so your functions can accept either functions or closures.

posted on 2022-04-24 14:06 金庆 阅读(31) 评论(0)  编辑 收藏 引用 所属分类: 8. Rust

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