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gethostbyname timeout --- 转

总结: 下面第一种方法经过测试是可行的,第二种方法(多线程中使用)不能够用信号中断。

so , 对信号的使用要非常小心。



gethostbyname 是阻塞的, 非线程安全的,所以最好使用getaddrinfo , 它是线程安全的。

要给gethostbyname 设置一个超时值, 用信号(alarm)实现是不行的(目前项目嵌入式平台上面测试不行) 。


下面是网上摘录的解决该问题的方法, 对怎么绕过其他系统函数(无论是线程安全还是非安全的)也有很好的借鉴意义


Hello,

I need to add timeout to gethostbyname function in my program. I
googled and searched archives, found some examples with alert(), but
can't make it work :/ I would be grateful of someone could tell me how
to do it.

You can't. Or rather, you shouldn't.

The trick with alarm(2) (not alert()), is to longjmp(3) from the signal
handler to a context created with setjmp(3) before calling gethostbyname(3).
This is, unfortunately, very common in Perl code (in Perl die() actually
uses longjmp() internally to a context set from an eval statement).

However, gethostbyname() keeps internal state, and afterward its unsafe
to call the function again. gethostbyname_r() might be relatively safer,
but you've probably also leaked a file descriptor and memory,
meaning you could only do it so many times from a single process before it
won't work anymore. (And from a strict C perspective, jumping from the
signal handler itself is questionable.)

You do have options.

1) Multiple processes. Use child processes and the
gethostbyname()+alarm() trick, and return the answer down a pipe to
the parent. The child will just kill itself if it timeouts (or
alternatively the parent will set the alarm and kill the child), since it
cannot reliably do it's job afterward.

2) Use threads in conjunction with gethostbyname_r(), or preferably
getaddrinfo(3). Still, you cannot interrupt these functions within the
thread, and so you have a few more decisions to make in terms of how you
handle timeouts.

3) Use a third-party asynchronous DNS library: ADNS, C-Ares and UDNS are
the first ones which comes to mind, the former two probably being the most
popular.

posted on 2012-11-12 14:45 大龙 阅读(3129) 评论(0)  编辑 收藏 引用


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