Modifying Existing DACLs of an Object Program Example

// Modifying DACL of an object. In ACL there are ACEs...

// Here we are going to add deny standard right

// access for Administrators group. This Win XP machine is

// logged in by user named Mike spoon who is a member of Administrators group

#include <windows.h>

#include <aclapi.h>

#include <stdio.h>

 

// Clean up the allocated resources

void Cleanup(PSECURITY_DESCRIPTOR pSD, PACL pNewDACL)

{

      if(pSD != NULL)

            LocalFree((HLOCAL) pSD);

      else

            wprintf(L"pSD freed up\n");

      if(pNewDACL != NULL)

            LocalFree((HLOCAL) pNewDACL);

      else

            wprintf(L"pNewDACL freed up\n");

}

 

int wmain(int argc, WCHAR **argv)

{

      // Name of object, here we will add ACE for a directory

      // the directory is already created

      LPTSTR pszObjName = L"\\\\?\\C:\\NewDACLDir";

      // Type of object, file or directory.  Here we test on directory

      SE_OBJECT_TYPE ObjectType = SE_FILE_OBJECT;

      // Access mask for new ACE equal to 0x001F0000 flags (bit 0 till 15)

      DWORD dwAccessRights = STANDARD_RIGHTS_ALL;

      // Type of ACE, Access denied ACE

      ACCESS_MODE AccessMode = DENY_ACCESS;

      // Inheritance flags for new the ACE. The OBJECT_INHERIT_ACE and

      // CONTAINER_INHERIT_ACE flags are

      // not propagated to an inherited ACE.

      DWORD dwInheritance = NO_PROPAGATE_INHERIT_ACE;

      // format of trustee structure, the trustee is name

      TRUSTEE_FORM TrusteeForm = TRUSTEE_IS_NAME;

     

      // Trustee for new ACE.  This just for fun...When you run once, only one

      // element will take effect.  By changing the first array element we

      // can change to other trustee and re run the program....

      // Other than Mike spoon, they are all well known trustees

      // Take note the localization issues

      WCHAR pszTrustee[4][15] = {L"Administrators", L"System", L"Users", L"Mike spoon"};

     

      // Result

      DWORD dwRes = 0;

      // Existing and new DACL pointers...

      PACL pOldDACL = NULL, pNewDACL = NULL;

      // Security descriptor

      PSECURITY_DESCRIPTOR pSD = NULL;

      SecureZeroMemory(&pSD, sizeof(PSECURITY_DESCRIPTOR));

      // EXPLICIT_ACCESS structure.  For more than one entries,

      // declare an array of the EXPLICIT_ACCESS structure

      EXPLICIT_ACCESS ea;

 

      // Verify the object name validity

      if(pszObjName == NULL)

      {

            wprintf(L"The object name is invalid!\n");

            return ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER;

      }

      else

            wprintf(L"The object name is valid, \"%s\"\n", pszObjName);

     

      // Verify that our new trustee strings is OK

      for(int i = 0; i <= 3; i++)

            wprintf(L"Test pointer #%d: %s\n", i, pszTrustee[i]);

     

      // Get a pointer to the existing DACL.

      dwRes = GetNamedSecurityInfo(pszObjName, ObjectType,

            DACL_SECURITY_INFORMATION,

            NULL,

            NULL,

            &pOldDACL,

            NULL,

            &pSD);

     

      // Verify

      if(dwRes != ERROR_SUCCESS)

      {

            wprintf(L"GetNamedSecurityInfo() failed, error %u\n", dwRes);

            Cleanup(pSD, pNewDACL);

      }

      else

            wprintf(L"GetNamedSecurityInfo() is OK\n");

     

      // Initialize an EXPLICIT_ACCESS structure for the new ACE.

      // For more entries, declare an array of the EXPLICIT_ACCESS structure

      SecureZeroMemory(&ea, sizeof(EXPLICIT_ACCESS));

      ea.grfAccessPermissions = dwAccessRights;

      ea.grfAccessMode = AccessMode;

      ea.grfInheritance= dwInheritance;

      ea.Trustee.TrusteeForm = TrusteeForm;

     

      // Test for Administrators group, a new trustee for the ACE

      // For other trustees, you can try changing

      // the array index to 1, 2 and 3 and rerun, see the effect

      ea.Trustee.ptstrName = (LPTSTR)(pszTrustee[0]);

     

      // Create a new ACL that merges the new ACE into the existing DACL.

      dwRes = SetEntriesInAcl(1, &ea, pOldDACL, &pNewDACL);

     

      //  Verify

      if(dwRes != ERROR_SUCCESS)

      {

            wprintf(L"SetEntriesInAcl() failed, error %u\n", dwRes);

            Cleanup(pSD, pNewDACL);

      }

      else

            wprintf(L"SetEntriesInAcl() working fine!\n");

     

      // Attach the new ACL as the object's DACL.

      dwRes = SetNamedSecurityInfo(pszObjName, ObjectType,

            DACL_SECURITY_INFORMATION,

            NULL,

            NULL,

            pNewDACL,

            NULL);

     

      if(dwRes != ERROR_SUCCESS)

      {

            wprintf(L"SetNamedSecurityInfo() failed, error %u\n", dwRes);

            Cleanup(pSD, pNewDACL);

      }

      wprintf(L"SetNamedSecurityInfo() is OK\n");

      return 0;

}

Build and run the project. The following screenshot is a sample output.

 

 

Then verify through the C:\NewDACLDir directory property pages again.

 

 

Under the Permission for Administrators group, the Special Permissions is ticked for the Deny permission.  Keep in mind that Deny overrides the Allow permission.  The following figure also confirmed that our new ACE for the Deny is not inherited.

 

 

Remember that, DENY overwrites ALLOW permission.  For this case because Mike spoon is a member of the Administrators group, however he cannot delete or open the C:\\NewDACLDir directory.  We have to log off and login again as other Administrators group user or create another user that is a member of Administrators or take the object’s ownership or just edit the permission entries (shown at the end of this section).  When we try to delete the folder, the following message was displayed. Well, it funny isn’t it? A user of Administrators group cannot delete/open his/her own folder.

 

 

It is same when we want to open the folder, it is not accessible.

 

 

So, whatever it is, please don’t mess up your machine. The following steps show how to re-enable the Full Control for Administrators group.

 

 

 

posted on 2011-08-23 13:41 wrh 阅读(288) 评论(1)  编辑 收藏 引用

评论

# re: Modifying Existing DACLs of an Object Program Example 2011-08-23 13:51 代孕

我来逛逛,顺便帮博主顶一下,嘿嘿。  回复  更多评论   


只有注册用户登录后才能发表评论。
【推荐】超50万行VC++源码: 大型组态工控、电力仿真CAD与GIS源码库
网站导航: 博客园   IT新闻   BlogJava   知识库   博问   管理


导航

<2011年3月>
272812345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
272829303112
3456789

统计

常用链接

留言簿(18)

随笔档案

文章档案

收藏夹

搜索

最新评论

阅读排行榜

评论排行榜