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vc2008中,mfc将大幅度地更新。我猜测更新mfc的原因,很可能mfc中的一些代码阻碍了vc的进一步发展,不得不加以更新。
我以前曾经提起过,mfc有一个严重违背c++标准的地方:
class   H;
class   S
{
public:
        x()   {
                H*   pThis=this-offsetof(m_s,   H);
                ...
        }
};
class   H
{
        S   m_s;
};
H里包含S的对象,在S里,为了获得宿主类H的指针,用自身的this指针减去m_s在H中的偏移量。这就要求一个类中的子对象必须同宿主对象放在一起 (连续分布),并且固定(偏移量永远不变)。为了在对象布局上给予编译器充分的自由,标准规定offsetof只能用于pod。mfc仅考虑在   vc上使用,所以为了方便而仅仅面向vc编译器编码。这带来了移植性的问题。不过,编译器间的移植性还是小事。现在我们就可以看到mfc的这种做法是搬起 石头砸自己的脚。
sutter和lippman都不止一次地提到将来vc要能够不区分托管和本地的内存管理。也就是说托管的类型可以在native堆上分配,而   native的类型可以在托管堆上分配。问题来了,由于托管堆上,子对象和宿主对象的存放不是连续的,子对象可能同宿主对象隔着十万八千里,和成千上万的 对象。而且子对象可能会在宿主对象的前面。offset也是不确定的。在这种情况下,使用上面的这种代码无异于自杀。所以,为了实现托管和本地内存管理的 统一,必须放弃offsetof这类畸形代码。由此导致了mfc的大幅更新。
另一方面,vc越来越符合标准,而mfc中一些遗留的其他不符合标准的地方,使得编译器不得不同时应付两种情况:标准的和非标的。对编译器着实是个负担,消除这些非标的东西,反而能够使得编译器更加简单高效。
以上这些都是猜测,实际如何,还需具体看2008的mfc库代码。不管怎么样,如果你想要使自己的代码依赖于非标准的特性的话,请三思而后行。
posted on 2007-11-15 15:14 longshanks 阅读(2534) 评论(118)  编辑 收藏 引用
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