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使用Bit Field的教训

总结一下,长点记性:
Bit Field总是从低地址往高地址计算。

DNS的网络数据中有两个字节的标志位(下面来自真实数据):
0x81 0x80
这个标志位分别表示:
1... .... .... .... = Response: Message is a response
.000 0... .... .... = Opcode: Standard query (0)
.... .0.. .... .... = Authoritative: Server is not an authority for domain
.... ..0. .... .... = Truncated: Message is not truncated
.... ...1 .... .... = Recursion desired: Do query recursively
.... .... 1... .... = Recursion available: Server can do recursive queries
.... .... .0.. .... = Z: reserved (0)
.... .... ..0. .... = Answer authenticated: Answer/authority portion was not authenticated by the server
.... .... .... 0000 = Reply code: No error (0)

想都没有再想,下意识地写了下面的结构体(恶梦开始了):
struct NetworkOrder
{
union{
unsigned short Flags;
struct{
unsigned short Response:1;
unsigned short Opcode:4;
unsigned short Authoritative:1;
unsigned short Truncated:1;
unsigned short RecursionDesired:1;
unsigned short RecursionAvailable:1;
unsigned short Zero:1;
unsigned short AnswerAuthenticated:1;
unsigned short Pad:1;
unsigned short ReplyCode:4;
};
};
};

解析结果当然不对:
{
Flags = 0x8081,
{
Response = 0x1,
Opcode = 0x0,
Authoritative = 0x0,
Truncated = 0x0,
RecursionDesired = 0x1,
RecursionAvailable = 0x0,
Zero = 0x0,
AnswerAuthenticated = 0x0,
Pad = 0x0,
ReplyCode = 0x8
}
}

然后又下意识地想(其实根本没有经过想的过程,要不然也不会这么惨了),可能是字节序的问题,换成主机序:
struct NetworkOrder
{
    union{
        unsigned short Flags;
        struct{
            unsigned short Response:1;
            unsigned short Opcode:4;
            unsigned short Authoritative:1;
            unsigned short Truncated:1;
            unsigned short RecursionDesired:1;

            unsigned short RecursionAvailable:1;
            unsigned short Zero:1;
            unsigned short AnswerAuthenticated:1;
            unsigned short Pad:1;
            unsigned short ReplyCode:4;
        };  
    };  
};

我靠,结果还不对:
{
Flags = 0x8081,
{
Response = 0x1,
Opcode = 0x0,
Authoritative = 0x0,
Truncated = 0x0,
RecursionDesired = 0x1,

RecursionAvailable = 0x0,
Zero = 0x0,
AnswerAuthenticated = 0x0,
Pad = 0x0,
ReplyCode = 0x8
}
}

这个时候背上直冒冷汗,这么简单的问题自己都没搞定,快速从脑海中扫了一遍char、short、int在处理数据上的差异......想了半天,
只好用最后的笨办法了,看一下到底是怎么回事,再次改变一下结构:
struct NetworkOrder3
{
    union{
        unsigned short Flags;
        struct{
            unsigned short A0:1;
            unsigned short A1:1;
            unsigned short A2:1;
            unsigned short A3:1;

            unsigned short B0:1;
            unsigned short B1:1;
            unsigned short B2:1;
            unsigned short B3:1;

            unsigned short C0:1;
            unsigned short C1:1;
            unsigned short C2:1;
            unsigned short C3:1;

            unsigned short D0:1;
            unsigned short D1:1;
            unsigned short D2:1;
            unsigned short D3:1;
        };
    };
};
结果出来一看,恍然大悟:
{
Flags = 0x8081,
{
A0 = 0x1,
A1 = 0x0,
A2 = 0x0,
A3 = 0x0,

B0 = 0x0,
B1 = 0x0,
B2 = 0x0,
B3 = 0x1,

C0 = 0x0,
C1 = 0x0,
C2 = 0x0, 
C3 = 0x0,

D0 = 0x0,
D1 = 0x0,
D2 = 0x0,
D3 = 0x1
}
}
我靠,平时Bit Field用得少,老是一个字节,两个字节地考虑,忘了它从低地址开始一位一位往上计算的,修改最后的结构,得到正确的结果:
struct NetworkOrder4
{
    union{
        unsigned short Flags;
        struct{
            unsigned short RecursionDesired:1;
            unsigned short Truncated:1;
            unsigned short Authoritative:1;
            unsigned short Opcode:4;
            unsigned short Response:1;

            unsigned short ReplyCode:4;
            unsigned short Pad:1;
            unsigned short AnswerAuthenticated:1;
            unsigned short Zero:1;
            unsigned short RecursionAvailable:1;
        };
    };
};
结果:
{
Flags = 0x8081,
{
RecursionDesired = 0x1,
Truncated = 0x0,
Authoritative = 0x0,
Opcode = 0x0,
Response = 0x1,

ReplyCode = 0x0,
Pad = 0x0,
AnswerAuthenticated = 0x0,
Zero = 0x0,
RecursionAvailable = 0x1
}
}

真是惭愧啊,好记性不如烂笔头,记在这里引以为签。




posted on 2010-01-31 00:00 Young 阅读(391) 评论(1)  编辑 收藏 引用

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# re: 使用Bit Field的教训 2010-02-08 16:37 ABC

更新好慢啊。。。  回复  更多评论   


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